An African Election: Timeline




Introduction

In a short 55 years, Ghana won its independence from the British, experienced four coups d’etat and successfully transitioned into democracy. Here are the major milestones in the journey.

1951-1969
  • 1951

    Dr. Kwame Nkrumah named Ghana’s Prime Minister.

  • 1957

    March 6:

    Ghana achieves independence from the British.

  • 1966

    CIA involved in military coup, which put National Liberation Party in power with Joseph Arthur Ankrah.

  • 1969

    The Progress Party came to power through the ballot box.

1972-1981
  • 1972

    Coup by the National Redemption Council.

  • 1975

    NRC overthrown by Supreme Military Council.

  • 1979

    May 15

    First unsuccessful attempt at a coup from The Armed Forces Revolutionary Council

  • 1979

    June 4

    Successful attempt at Armed Forces Revolutionary Council, Jerry Rawlings rises to power.

  • 1981

    The Provisional National Defence Council (PNDC) Rises to Power under Rawlings.

1990-2004
  • 1990

    Ghana begins the transition to democracy.

  • 1992

    Rawlings retires from the military, wins first democratic election.

  • 1996

    Rawlings re-elected.

  • 2000

    Rawlings hits Presidential term limit, retires; John Kufuor elected.

  • 2001

    John Kufuor begins term as President.

  • 2004

    Kufuor is re-elected.

2008
  • 2008

    Kufuor reaches Presidential term limit.

  • 2008

    Oil discovered in Ghana.

  • 2008

    The Presidential Election Starts – 8 candidates throw their hats into the ring.

  • 2008

    December 7

    First Round of voting – no candidate pulled more than 50% of the vote.

  • 2008

    December 28

    Second Round of Voting – Results were too close to call.

2009-2012
  • 2009

    January 2

    The final district, Tain holds a special vote; John Atta Mills declared the winner

  • 2012

    July 24

    John Atta Mills dies while in office.

  • 2012

    July 24

    John Dramani Mahama, Vice President, takes office.

  • 2012

    December 27

    Presidential Elections

© 2012 All associated materials created by Racialicious for the National Black Programming Consortium. An African Election is the documentary by Jarreth Mertz. For more information on the film, visit http://anafricanelection.com/.